People need 3 things to survive: Water, Food and Shelter, in that order. For water supply you have a few options.
Short-term supplies of water consist of a few gallons per person, ready to transport, in addition to a portable filtering system or a treatment system.
A long-term supply will require many hundreds of gallons for each person, depending on how much supply you intend to store.
A normally active person needs to drink at least 2 quarts of water each day. Hot environments can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers and sick people will need more. You will also need it for food preparation and hygiene. Store a total of at least one gallon per person, per day. So a 1 year supply for a typical family of 4 will require at least 1460 gallons. Those plastic storage barrels hold 55 gallons, so you’ll need 26 of them.
If you think that because you live near a lake, river, pond, stream or swimming pool- that you don’t need to worry about drinking water, you could be dead wrong. Many survival scenarios have contaminated supplies at their root, and if you don’t properly prepare the water before drinking it, it could be fatal.
Treating Water for emergency use can be as simple as filtering it or dropping a pill into it before use. Used worldwide by hikers, campers, emergency volunteers and anyone else who might need to administer or drink water of uncertain quality, water-purification tablets disinfect contaminated drinking water.
If you want to be fully prepared for whatever may come, food is the absolutely essential item you need to have on hand.
There are many ways to store it, and many types of food supply you may need to store. You can grow and dehydrate or can your own, or you can buy them already packaged for normal storage (1-2 years) or long-term storage (20-30 years).
3-Day Supply-the 72-hour kit is ‘grab a bag and jump in the car’ for emergency evacuations. This is essential calories and hydration to get you through a short-term crisis, or to a safe place where supplies will be available. It consists of anything from protein and calorie snacks to MRE (Meals Ready-to-Eat) packs. Have one for each member of your family stored at home, at work, or in the car.
2-Week Supply-if the nature of an emergency is going to take you out of your routine for more than a few days, you’d better have a 2 week supply conveniently located. Keep it handy for quick evacuation, or at your cabin or other emergency destination. You’ll need MREs, dehydrated entrÃ©es, energy snacks, and water for each of you.
6-Week Supply-if you need to rely on an emergency food supply for up to 6 weeks, something serious has hit the fan. This should be stocked at your homestead hideaway in the woods, or in your fully secured home. It should be easily portable in case you need to change locations in a hurry. You’ll need dehydrated meals, water, firearms, and preparedness kits.
6-Month Supply-for long term crises. You’ll need basics, plus full meals and all the necessities. Dehydrated meals, MREs, rice, beans, wheat, spices, and a lot of water or water filtering equipment. Store it where you intend to wait out the disaster. You’ll also need survival gear, camping equipment and hunting skills to get you through.
1-2 Year Supply. You’re in for the long haul, so make sure you have everything on hand you’ll be needing until the major crisis has passed and civilization has restabilized. In addition to all of the dehydrated and stored foods, you’ll want seeds, hydroponics, and hunting, trapping and camping gear. You’re completely on your own during this time, and that means you’ll need to protect yourself and your loved ones, so have firearms and ammo as well.
Long-term food supply should consist of most of the foods you eat on a regular basis-if you’re eating right, that is. Canned foods taste great and are convenient and inexpensive, but are not easily transported. Dehydrated or freeze-dried food can be stored in a much smaller space, and is reasonably portable if necessary. It can also have a storage life of 20-30 years. Vegetables, fruits, meats, nuts, oils, spices, batters and mixes, beans, grains, pasta, potatoes, desserts, breakfast foods, eggs, and TVP (textured vegetable proteins-fake meat). Even powdered milk, coffee, tea and fruit drinks. Lots and lots of water or filtering supplies.
Seed packs will come in handy for lots of garden fresh food when the stores are empty and the trucks have stopped delivering to grocery stores. For longer waits, large supplies of seeds can make you king of the hill, so start stocking up.
Hydroponics is the cultivation of plants in nutrient solution rather than in soil, and is especially crucial when growing outside is no longer practical. Become an accomplished hydroponic grower before the need arises. Grow a garden in your basement, or closet.
The Emergency Get-Home-Bag (GHB) is a mid-sized disaster preparedness kit that’s perfect to keep on hand in your office or trunk of your car. The GHB provides provisions and tools to help you get home (or other suitable shelter) should an emergency emerge while going about everyday life. Your pack should include things like 1-3 days’ water and dehydrated food or snack bars, compass, whistle, blanket, lighter and matches, duct tape, water purification tablets and portable filter, light sticks and flashlight, batteries, first-aid kit, multi-tool, knife, poncho, tube tent, work gloves, zip ties, paracord, respirator mask, etc.
A Bug-Out-Bag (BOB) is the basic, essential kit everyone should have. As its name implies, it’s the grab-and-go bag containing basics to get you safely to your base destination, where you can assess the extent of the emergency and the length of your stay. The BOB will contain more than your GHB, and you may want to pack it in an emergency roll-away system. Once you’re clear of danger or need to continue on foot, backpacks and hydration systems allow you to stay moving on foot as needed.
Vital for evacuation or shelter-in-place scenarios, the BOB provides the same things as your GHB; food, water, tools, communications and first aid for one adult for an absolute minimum of three days, and up to 10 days, or longer with rationing. A BOB will also contain a light-weight tent and suitable sleeping bag, a head-lamp, emergency multi-band multi-power weather radio, water filtering bottle, camp trowel, hand warmers, goggles, sewing kit, toiletries, etc.